|作者： 莫天利 钟 川 黄丽桃 郭诗源 赵文宗 杨 能 阳燕娟 于文进*|
|单位： （广西大学 农学院 南宁 530004）|
|关键词： 番茄 砧木 嫁接栽培 经济性状 果实品质|
|出版年,卷(期):页码：2017 ,48 ( 4 )： 页码：680-685|
【Objective】Growth situation， economic characters， fruit characters and quality of cherry tomato grafted on different stocks were analyzed， which provided reference for selection of new stock varieties for tomato planting in autumn and winter in southern China. 【Method】Pink cherry tomato cultivar was grafted onto Fanzhen No.3， Qiezhen No.11， Qiezhen No.21 and local Qiezhen， non-grafted seedling was taken as control（CK）. The following parameters of grafted seedlings were recorded: plant height， leaf number， economic characters， fruit characters and fruit qualities. The comprehensive effects of grafting seedlings on different stocks were evaluated by membership function. 【Result】Economic indexes of seedlings grafted on Fanzhen No.3 and Qiezhen No.21 were significantly higher than those of control， including ear number per plant， ripe fruit number per plant and fruit number per ear（P<0.05， the same below）. Besides， their yields per plant was significantly higher than those of seedlings grafted on local Qiezhen and non-grafted seedling， and their synthetic performance of fruit sepals and fruit stalks were the best. Different stocks could improve fruit hardness， peel thickness and color parameter h to various extents， and enhance the storage property and appearance quality. Fruit soluble solids， vitamin C（Vc）， lycopene content and other quality indicators of grafted seedlings were higher than those of non-grafted seedling. 【Conclusion】Fanzhen No.3 and Qiezhen No.21 can be used as preferred stock varieties in grafting of cherry tomato in autumn and winter in southern China.