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植食性昆虫产卵寄主选择影响因素及机制的研究进展
作者: 董子舒  张玉静  段云博  郑霞林  陆 温*   
单位: (广西大学 农学院  南宁 530004)  
关键词: 植食性昆虫  产卵寄主  选择  影响因素  作用机制  
分类号:Q968
出版年,卷(期):页码:2017 ,48 ( 5 ): 页码:837-843
摘要:

昆虫产卵行为在昆虫与寄主的协同进化中起着重要作用,而母代产卵偏好性和子代生长发育情况的关系是植食性昆虫与寄主植物协同进化研究的核心。文章综述了寄主种类、环境丰富度、寄主生长发育状况和寄主被同种其他个体的利用程度等对植食性昆虫产卵寄主选择的影响,以及嗅觉、视觉和触觉在植食性昆虫产卵寄主选择过程中的作用机制。提出今后应从昆虫视觉生态学和听觉生态学两个角度深入研究植食性昆虫的产卵行为,尤其是加强植食性昆虫与环境中光信号间的联系及如何利用光信号进行寄主定位、植食性昆虫产卵行为过程中是否利用听器进行声波测探定位产卵寄主及不同波段声音对植食性昆虫产卵行为的影响等研究,为研究害虫行为调控措施开拓新思路。

Oviposition behavior plays an important role in co-evolution of insect and host, and the relationship between the preference of female generation and growth performance of offspring is the core in research on co-evolution of insect and host. This paper summarized the richness of host species and environment, growth performance of host, effects of utilization degree of host by other individuals on selection of phytophagous insects, and selection mechanism of sense of smell, vision and tactile sense in host selecting by phytophagous insects. It was proposed that in the future, perspectives from vision ecology and auditory ecology of insects should be adopted in studying oviposition behavior of phytophagous insects: strengthening relation between phytophagous insects and optical signal in environment, how to locate host via optical signal, whether phytophagous insects used acoustic apparatus to detect and locate the hosts via acoustic wave during oviposition, and effects of acoustic wave with various bands on oviposition behavior of phytophagous insects. These proposals may broaden the researches in pest behavior regulation measures.

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