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广西寿城自然保护区植物资源调查
作者: 欧瑞仕1  王 磊2  陈碧珍1  
单位: (1 南宁树木园  南宁 530031;2 广西大学 林学院  南宁 530005)  
关键词: 植物资源  评价  保护与开发  寿城自然保护区  广西  
分类号:S641.3
出版年,卷(期):页码:2015 ,46 ( 12 ): 页码:2087-2092
摘要:

【目的】对广西寿城自然保护区植物资源进行调查,统计其植物资源类型,为当地植物资源保护与开发提供依据。【方法】通过对广西寿城自然保护区植物资源进行调查,编制植物名录,进行植物资源统计与分类。【结果】广西寿城自然保护区有野生植物1044种,隶属于171科544属,其中以被子植物最丰富,为135科481属938种,其科、属、种分别占78.95%、88.42%和89.85%;其次为蕨类植物31科57属99种、裸子植物5科6属7种。根据经济用途归类,可分为13类资源植物,其中材用植物227种、药用植物633种、油脂植物57种、纤维植物100种、淀粉植物53种、杂果植物39种、芳香植物63种、栲胶植物53种、保健饮料植物67种、饲用植物91种、花卉观赏植物239种、水土保持植物44种、珍稀濒危植物33种,以药用植物种类最丰富,隶属139科377属,占比60.6%。【结论】广西寿城自然保护区植物资源类型丰富、齐全,今后应加强野生植物资源的有效保护,并进行合理开发与利用。

【Objective】The plant resources in Shoucheng Natural Reserve of Guangxi were investigated, followed by statistics of their types, in order to provide references for their conservation and development. 【Method】The plant resources were investigated for Shoucheng Nature Reserve of Guangxi, and their statistics and classification were conducted based on plant list compiled. 【Result】There were 1104 species of fascicular plants in Shoucheng Natural Reserve, belonging to 544 genus of 171 families. Of which, angiosperm was the most abundant one being 938 species, 481 genus and 135 families, that accounted for 89.85%, 88.42% and 78.95%, respectively. The pteridophyte and grmnosperm were followed by being 99 species, 57 genus in 31 families, and 7 species, 6 genus in 5 families, respectively. According to the economic purpose as resource-plant, all investigated plant resources could be classified into 13 categories and were as follows: 227 timber plants, 633 medicinal plants, 57 oil plants, 100 fiber plants, 53 starch plants, 39 berry plants, 63 fragrant plants, 53 tannic plants, 67 drinking plants, 91 forage plants, 239 flower and ornamental plants, 44 water-soil conserving plants, and 33 rare and endangered plants. Among them, the medicinal plants were richer, which belonged to 377 genus and 139 families, accounting for 60.6% in total. 【Conclusion】The plant resource types are abundant in Shoucheng Natural Reserve of Guangxi and should be strengthened to  conserve and could be exploited and utilized reasonably.

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