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不同制丝工艺环节烟丝尺寸分布的关联性分析
作者: 江雪彬1  胡开利2  韩 明2  朱建新2  邵 宁1  王 婷1  李 晓1  姚二民1 *  
单位: (1 郑州轻工业学院 食品与生物工程学院  郑州 450000;2 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 安阳卷烟厂  河南 安阳 455006)  
关键词: 烟丝结构  区间分布  卷制物理质量  灰色关联分析  
分类号:S572.092
出版年,卷(期):页码:2016 ,47 ( 9 ): 页码:1576-1581
摘要:

【目的】研究制丝工艺上一环节烟丝分布对下一环节烟丝结构及卷烟物理质量的影响,为烟丝结构的优化及稳定烟支卷制质量提供参考依据。【方法】测试经截短机处理后的烟片所制烟丝的结构,采用灰色关联法对切丝后、烘丝后、卷烟机料斗处、烟枪处等环节的烟丝结构关联性及烟丝结构与卷烟物理质量进行关联性分析。【结果】上一环节烟丝结构与下一环节烟丝结构具有较强的关联性,各区间烟丝分布不仅影响下一环节自身所对应的区间,还影响下一区间的烟丝比例;切丝后3.35~8.00 mm尺寸烟丝与烘丝后2.80~3.35 mm尺寸烟丝、切丝后0.71~3.35 mm尺寸烟丝与烘丝后0.71~2.80 mm尺寸烟丝具有较强关联性;烘丝后5.60~6.70 mm尺寸烟丝与料斗处1.40~2.80、3.35~5.60 mm尺寸烟丝关联性强;料斗处4.75~6.70 mm尺寸烟丝与烟枪处0.71~3.35 mm尺寸烟丝关联性较强;烟枪处0.71~3.35 mm尺寸烟丝与卷烟物理质量各指标密切相关,其中与单支重、烟支吸阻、硬度、密度的最大关联系数位于1.40~2.00 mm区间。【结论】烟丝结构变化具有较强的传递性,可依据两两环节烟丝尺寸区间的关联性,针对性的查找引起烟丝结构波动的影响因素;合理控制0.71~3.35 mm烟丝比例,可提高卷烟卷制质量。

【Objective】The present study was conducted to study effects of upstream procedure of tobacco processing on cigarette structure, cigarette physical qualities at downstream procedure, in order to provide reference for improving cut tobacco structure and stabilizing cigarette quality. 【Method】Structure of cut tobacco was measure after being processed from tobacco flake. Grey correlation analysis was conducted to analyze correlation between tobacco structure after cutting, after drying, at hopper and at garniture, as well as correlation between cut tobacco structure and cigarette physical qualities. 【Result】There was strong association between cut tobacco structure at upstream procedure and at downstream procedure. Cut tobacco distribution at each interval distribution not only affected the corresponding distribution of next procedure but also distribution rate of cut tobacco in next size section. There was relatively strong correlation between 3.35-8.00 mm cut tobacco after cutting and 2.80-3.35 mm cut tobacco after drying, between 0.71-3.35 mm cut tobacco after cutting and 0.71-2.80 mm cut tobacco after drying. 5.60-6.70 mm cut tobacco after drying was closely correlated to 1.40-2.80 and 3.35-5.60 mm cut tobacco at hopper. There was relatively strong correlation between 4.75-6.70 mm cut tobacco at hopper and 0.71-3.35 mm cut tobacco at garniture. 0.71-3.35 mm cut tobacco at garniture was closely related to cigarette physical quality indexes, the maximum correlation coefficient with single cigarette weight, draw resistance, rigidity and density fell on to 1.40-2.00 mm section. 【Conclusion】Variation in cut tobacco structure has a strong transitivity. Based on correlation between cut tobacco size interval distribution of contiguous procedures, influence factors to cut tobacco structure can be found. Controlling proportion of 0.71-3.35 mm cut tobacco can increase cigarette quality.

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