|单位： （广西农学会 南宁 530022）|
|关键词： 小杂粮 产业现状 调查 分析 广西|
|出版年,卷(期):页码：2016 ,47 ( 4 )： 页码：691-696|
【Objective】The production status of minor crops was investigated in Guangxi， in order to provide reference for exploiting potential productivity of minor crops in Guangxi and promoting its industrial development. 【Method】The actual data about of production status and distribution， planting structure and pattern minor crops in Guangxi were collected by literature consultion， field survey and interview， and then the relevant countermeasures and suggestions were put forward based on production status and development bottleneck of minor crops. 【Result】A great variety of minor crops were widely distributed and planted all over Guangxi， while there were some large differences in variety and planting pattern of minor crops between different regions of Guangxi. In addition， the planting area and total yield of minor crops rose slowly as a whole during 2001-2013， especially in 2012， the planting area was the largest（118800 ha）， and comparative advantage index of minor crops were the highest. And among main minor crops， the comparative advantage index of rice bean was the highest（20.31）， and its scale advantage was the greatest. Moreover， the development bottlenecks restricting industrial development of minor crops were mainly lack of awareness and concept resulting in small production scale， lack of scienctific and technological support resulting in low industrial benefit， lack of social services resulting in low industrialized level， lack of policy support resulting in short of development potentials. 【Suggestion】Based on production status and development bottleneck of minor crops， the relevant countermeasures and suggestions were put forward， which included improving awareness and concept to establish development status of minor crops， increasing scienctific and technological support to enhance yield and quality of minor crops， planning scientifically to enlarge planting scale， cultivating leading enterprise to promote industrialized management， perfecting service system to accelerate sustainable development， increasing support to guarantee sound industrial development.