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海南苦瓜主要病虫害的发生及防治技术
作者: 刘子记  杨 衍*   
单位: ( 中国热带农业科学院热带作物品种资源研究所/农业部华南作物基因资源与种质创制重点开放实验室  海南 儋州 571737 )  
关键词: 苦瓜  病害  虫害  防治技术  海南  
分类号:S436.42
出版年,卷(期):页码:2012 ,43 ( 10 ): 页码:1501-1504
摘要:

Hainan Province is one of the most important export bases for cucurbits and vegetables in China; bitter gourd is one of the main winter-planting cucurbit and vegetable types, but continuous cropping of bitter gourd, high temperature, and humid climate conditions in Hainan Province can easily attract diseases and insect pests against bitter gourd growth. The present study focused on the occurrence characteristics and control methods of major diseases and insect pests of bitter gourd in Hainan Province. Comprehensive prevention and control measures should be adopted in the production of bitter gourd to promote the sustainable development in cucurbits and vegetables production of Hainan Province. The production measures included breeding and planting high-resistant and fine-quality bitter gourd varieties, strengthening the cultivation management, improving the cultivation level, adjusting crop production structure, avoiding continuous cropping, and using physical control on diseases and insect pests.

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